In contemporary society with the increasing complexity and interdependence of the processes of production, distribution, demand and consumption, we are observing an evermore disturbing phenomenon: there is no longer any medium outside or above the act of consumption, but human beings increasingly reproduce themselves in the course of production and consumption, or, more precisely, they reproduce the macroscopic forms of life (societies, etc.).
Economies are inextricably intertwined with populations, and this is particularly true of population economies within the States. Like other forms of life, they are not simply given, but they originate and are determined by social conditions, and this explains why they change from time to time in a continuous process of transformation that is largely inconceivable merely from the point of view of immediate utility. States are the framework within which these macroscopic forms of life (societies, etc.) develop and undergo transformation with particular extraordinary effects on populations that live wholly or in part in the confines of the State. They are thus the starting point for political action on a global scale, but also the starting point of'sanctuary' for that popular sovereignty and popular participation whose memory must never be completely erased.
The "nation-State", the "world-State", and other hyphenated forms of the universal life, have been systematically distorted by the most pernicious influences of our times. In practice, however, any conception of the State that is not radically human is merely an abstract and empty formula; none of the grandiose  designs of those national-State builders managed to escape the practical constraints imposed by the socio-economic and demographic realities that presented themselves. In short, the State in so far as it ever truly existed was always and necessarily a provisional, pragmatic institution, which exists more for the great masses of people than for the authorities who administer it. Only from the perspective of the common good can it even be said to exist at all. d2c66b5586